Scientists are often thought of as people who are highly qualified and had been exceptionally talented during their study years. But many scientists in the past were not even college graduates at the time they came up with their inventions. We also have many examples of young scientists who were not good in their academics during the college years and yet they shaped the world due to their work. Read here to know about five real-life people who became a scientist before becoming a graduate:
Sir Isaac Newton the famous mathematician, astronomer, and physicist who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time started his journey as a scientist during his college years. In his final year of graduation in 1665, he discovered the generalised binomial theorem and started working on a mathematical theory that later became calculus. After completing his graduation, Newton did not attend post graduation, and over the subsequent two years, he continued working on his theories on calculus, optics, and the law of gravitation. Later, he returned to the college for his higher studies and came up with many important inventions in Mathematics during that period.
Albert Einstein, the famous German physicist who developed the theory of relativity and gave the mass–energy equivalence formula to the world was thought to be as a below average student during his school years. While attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic examinations in Zurich, his scores were below standard in many of the subjects. After passing with grace marks from there, Albert Einstein attended Aargau Cantonal School, in Switzerland. During his college years, he started working on the Theory of Relativity and law of the photoelectric effect and came up with important inventions.
The renowned Italian polymath was only 17 years old when his started his research on the theory of pendular motion. Until then, he was completely unaware of mathematics as he was a student of medicine. But soon he switched over to mathematics and discovered the thermoscope, a forerunner of the thermometer. At the age of 22, Galileo published a book on the design of a hydrostatic balance he had invented. Throughout his life, Galileo gave many important theories in the field of astronomy, physics, engineering, philosophy, and mathematics.
This ancient Greek philosopher and scientist of 3rd Century BCE has made great contributions to nearly every subject of study. At the age of 18, he joined the Plato's Academy where he studied all the subjects offered at the time. He remained there for 20 years during which he completed encyclopedias of information opening the doors for many subjects.
This well-known French physicist, mathematician, writer, and Catholic theologian was a child prodigy who was educated at home by his father, a tax collector in Rouen. He began work on calculating devices and prototypes at the age of 16, in 1642. At the age of 18, he constructed a mechanical calculator capable of addition and subtraction, called Pascal's calculator or the Pascaline. Later, Pascal worked on the natural and applied sciences where he made important contributions to the study of fluids and clarified the concepts of pressure and vacuum by generalising the work of Evangelista Torricelli. Pascal's work in the fields of hydrostatics and hydrodynamics was centered on the principles of hydraulic fluids. In 1653, he described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients, now called Pascal's triangle.
All these scientists have proved that it’s not necessary to achieve a high-level degree in the respective subject to become a scientist. Hope you liked reading this blog.
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