The 1834 Poor Law Act can be stated as the crucial act in the history of social policy that was designed in order to minimize the cost of looking after the poor people as it stopped money going to poor people except in certain cases. Here, it is essential to understand the principle of 'less eligibility' that helps in connected with the relief of the able-bodied. However, it is essential to identify remedies first in order to overcome evils. It is significant to improve the commission so that such reform need to be modified in such a way in order to deter people from making unnecessary demands upon public funds. Thus, government needs to interfere in between so that they can ensure to cure the problem (Alcock, 2014).
Further, the 1834 Poor Law was welcomed by people as they believed that it will help in reducing the cost of looking after the needs of poor people, reduce the percentage of poor people begging on the streets and motivate them to support themselves in order to overcome poverty. Through the introduction of such reform it helps poor people by providing them housing facilities, clothing and food (Blakemore and Warwick-Booth, 2013). While, the children who enter into workhouses receive basic schooling. In regard to this poor man living in such workhouses are required to work for several hours each day. Passing such law helps social policy as it helps in overcoming the poverty. Further, government is required to introduce provisions in such law so that limitations can be avoided effectively.
In such era of British empire it states that wide range of progress attained in different sectors and provide better opportunities for people in order to raise their standard and efficiency. However, it also compounded in order to provide suggestions that the health of population was being undermined through continuing urbanization and high proportion of increasing army recruitment who were earlier rejected on the ground of physical fitness. Further, in such era Women's movement was also started that helps in pressuring government to introduce family and child welfare. However, the years before World War I have been remarked series of growth in social policy reforms within UK many of which taken effective initiatives to attain effective growth and development (Wilkins, 2013).
In order to attain social policy progress between 1900 and 1914 there were several acts introduced such as 1902 Midwives Act that helps in carrying out informal practicing of midwives by providing them license so that their services can be protected as there was no alternative. Further, another reform introduced was 1906 Education (Provisions of Meals) Act that helps in empowering the local authorities in order to deliver free school meals for poor children so that they can gain required nutritional value. Another reform is 1907 Education (Administrative Provisions) Act that was introduced by government in regard to introduce medical inspection of school children so that better health and care facilities can be provided to young children’s (Geyer, 2013). Moreover, 1908 Children Act was also introduced in this era as it helps in protecting the child and making parents legally responsible for child neglect and developing a less punitive approach to delinquency.
Welfare state can be considered as the concept that helps in playing key role in protection and promotion of the economic and social well being of citizens. It is based upon the principles of equality of opportunity, equitable distribution of wealth and public responsibility for those people to avail themselves of the minimal provisions for a good life. Welfare state helps in providing benefits in regard to transfer of funds from the state to the services provided i.e. health care and education etc. Another benefit is redistributionist taxation that helps in usually including larger income tax for people with higher incomes called as progressive tax. Thus, it benefits by reducing the income gap between the rich and poor people. Furthermore, another benefit of welfare state is that to attend the need of poor people and provide them medical facilities as well as basic essential of food, water and clothing (6 KEY PROS AND CONS OF WELFARE, 2015).
Furthermore, another disadvantage of welfare state is the cost to the exchequer. Here, the state government of the federal government, taxpayers money is used in order to fund the welfare. Another disadvantage is that sometimes it has been assessed that welfare state is misused. There are wide range of people misusing welfare and thus it raises the chance of scams and fraudulent rackets in the economy. Moreover, welfare is that certain people may get comfortable by providing benefits and may not want to work or better their condition on their own (Borzaga and Bodini, 2014).
New labour social policy provides wide range of features in order to provide more equality within society than when labour was elected. However, UK has become a more equal society after 10 years of Labour government. Thus, it helps in distributing equal income opportunities to every people and narrow down the differences. With the help of this difference has been narrowed down among families and thus they live in a equal society (Daly, 2012). Further, it also helps in increasing the value of services delivered through education and health care spending and thus equalizing it in order to attain desired results.
Furthermore, there were consistent development in the policy as it moved in right direction. It includes clearly redistributive tax and benefit changes through launching different programs in schools, employment etc. so that best results can be attained. New labour social policy helps in developing the living standards of people and thus it currently decreases the recession and public finances so that desired actions can be attained. Social security was the system that helps in providing security and safety to individuals so that unemployed persons can enter into the employed workforce (Spodek and Saracho, 2014).