Regular Exercise and Diet Control

Effectiveness of Regular Exercise and Diet Control

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Introduction to Regular Exercise and Diet Control

The selected topic for the study is on determining that whether regular exercise and diet control is more effective in maintaining normal body weight in adolescent children or not. The project will provide detailed guidelines regarding how chosen topic for the study will proceed (Lvovich, 2003). In addition to this, the study will also showcase that how literature review section of the study will be searched and then criticized in an effective manner. The proposal will also depict the relevance of topic for health and social care organization. Finally, at the end of dissertation, appropriate outcome for the study will be detailed.

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Evidence based practices (EBP) is the type of activity where health care professionals search various types of literatures with an aim to make decisions regarding health care (Evidence based practices, 2014). EBP is significant for the study because at present overweight in adolescent children is one of the most crucial issue. It is due to the presence of this aspect that it is considered as an important activity for the health care organization, to identify the ways through which improvement can be carried out in the condition of adolescent children. In addition to this, with the help of EBP, effectiveness of regular exercise and diet control in adolescent children can be analyzed (Sobh and Perry, 2006).

Hierarchy of evidence is the ranking system used in the field of healthcare in order to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention strategy that can be used by health care professionals to maintain the normal body mass index in adolescent children (Hierarchy of evidence: a framework for ranking evidence evaluating healthcare interventions, 2014). The system is effective because by using this, best research design can be identified. In this, evidence which seems most suitable for the study can be used by the health and social care professionals.

The outline for the study will be structured in the following manner:

The starting of the proposal will be done through an introduction with respect to the selected topic under study. After this, research question along with appropriate methodology for the study will be framed. The proposal will be ended with recommendations and conclusion.

Selection of Topic and Formulation of a Research Question

Various secondary sources like books and journals are refereed for an effective selection of the topic of determining that whether regular exercise and diet control is more effective in maintaining normal body weight in adolescent children (Ireland, Webb and Coombs, 2005). Once the research topic is finalized, the next step involves formulation of research question for the study. However, the research question for the study is formed after critically analyzing the framework like PICO (patient problem or population (P), intervention (I), comparison (C) and outcome(s) (O). The PICO framework for the selected study is as follows:

P: Adolescent children facing the overweight problem

I: Regular exercise and diet control.

C: This is not presented in the current proposal.

O: Reduction of overweight in adolescent children.

Key elements of the research question are regular exercise and diet control, maintaining normal body weight and adolescent children (Dixon, Hinde and Banwell, 2006). From these key elements, research question will be “Is regular exercise and diet control more effective in maintaining normal body weight in adolescent children”. The research question seems to be achieved by the researcher as it fulfills attainable, realistic and specific criteria.

Background/Justification/Rationale

The topic of determining that whether regular exercise and diet control is more effective in maintaining normal body weight in adolescent children is important in the way of degree pathway. This is because by using this approach, in-depth understanding with respect to the selected topic under study can be gained by the scholars (Flynn and et.al., 2006). With the help of this approach, effectiveness of strategies like regular exercise and diet control in maintaining normal body weight of adolescent children can be identified. In addition to this, with the help of this study, various other measures for maintaining the weight of an individual can be identified by the health and social care individuals (Health Care Pathways, 2014). Overall, it can be said that the study will seem to be most suitable in terms of degree pathway as by using this, theoretical understanding for the topic can be implemented into a practical aspect.

The preliminary background of the topic for determining that whether regular exercise and diet control is more effective in maintaining normal body weight in adolescent children is developed by collecting data from various secondary sources. While going through the literature, there are various key areas identified and referred with the help of which best method for maintaining normal body weight in adolescent children is identified and evaluated (Weiss and et al., 2004). The initial reading of the literature provided understanding about the factors that may cause overweight in children. In this respect, numerous factors were identified such as unhealthy lifestyle, eating less nutritious food along with lack of compliance with regular exercise type of practices etc. However, the effect of these identified factors can be weeded out by an individual by complying with the practices like regular exercise and diet control (Contributing to Overweight and Obesity, 2014). If these are done by adolescent children on regular basis then control over the overweight condition can be maintained by an individual in an effective way.

In addition to this, there are various key areas identified that need to be discussed by the researcher in the dissertation. These are identified after assessing initial reading of the literature with respect to selected topic on determining that whether regular exercise and diet control is more effective in maintaining normal body weight in adolescent children. The factor that causes overweight in children will be identified and discussed in dissertation (Robinson and Page, 2009). After this, another key area for the study such as effectiveness of weight control measures like regular exercise and diet control along with its impact on the health of adolescent children will be discussed.

Methodology

Process of literature search

The research methodology for the study is prepared after developing an initial background for the literature along with determining the key areas for dissertation. An appropriate research on the topic of determining that whether regular exercise and diet control is more effective in maintaining normal body weight in adolescent children can be carried out by the researcher by selecting most suitable and relevant literatures for the study (Nadin and Cassell, 2006). In practical aspect, for scholars it does not seem feasible to go through and search out all the related research papers regarding the study. However, this particular aspect can be solved out by them via complying with the strategy like selection of key words. It is the type of search terminology which is being used by the researcher with an aim to effectively carry out the study with respect to the selected topic of determining that whether regular exercise and diet control is more effective in maintaining normal body weight in adolescent children. In this respect, following key words for study are identified such as regular exercise and diet control, maintaining normal body weight and adolescent children (Holtzman, 2008). In addition to this, there is one more tool identified with the help of which search on the selected topic under study can be carried out by the scholars in a more precise manner. It is of inclusion or exclusion criteria. With the help of this criterion, selection with respect to the use of particular research paper and literature for the study can be drawn by the researcher in an effective manner (Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria, 2014).

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Research in maintaining normal body weight in adolescent children

Once the search terms are decided and inclusion or exclusion criteria are set for the study, then in the next phase researcher will tend to direct the efforts towards forming decision with respect to the use of Boolean operators for the study. With the help of varied Boolean operators like AND, OR an effective connection can be established between assembled information for the study (Jaime and et.al., 2005). For the topic of determining whether regular exercise and diet control is more effective in maintaining normal body weight in adolescent children the tool is effective. This is because by using this long phrase for the topic can be separated into different forms, which will tend to enable the researcher in a way to effectively carry out research.

In addition to this, truncation is another literature search strategy with the help of which the researcher with respect to selected topic under study can be carried out in an effective manner. The tool is useful because with the help of it similar words in article can be referred. By directing slight variation in the selected keywords for the study, thorough research and analysis can be performed by the researcher (Gratton and Jones, 2010). This will ultimately enable them to effectively solve the identified research problem. In this respect, following truncation technique can be used for the topic of determining that whether regular exercise and diet control is more effective in maintaining normal body weight in adolescent children. Here, the word adolescent children can be replaced with young persons or teenagers. In the similar way, diet control food can be replaced with healthy food.

Identification and selection of literature

By selecting an appropriate literature related to the topic of determining that whether regular exercise and diet control is more effective in maintaining normal body weight in adolescent children, the work of the research can be carried out in an effective manner. In this respect, there are various secondary sources identified with the help of which numerous literatures are referred and selected for the study. It comprises of books, journals and online published sources etc (Gordon and Marian, 2006). The accuracy in the search process has been maintained by using the technique like skimming. This technique is based on the identified criteria such as inclusion and exclusion. With the help of this tool thorough understanding regarding topic can be gained by researcher by reading the first two or three sentences of the research articles.

Analysis of evidence

An analysis of evidence is being considered as one of the most important aspect for the researcher while carrying their research on the selected topic under study. This is because by using this approach an evaluation with respect to the selected literature can be done by the scholars. Here basically researcher will tends to direct their with regard to the understanding the effective findings for the study that have been made by scholars from the varied sources of the data collected for the study (Bernard, 2011). However, this can be performed by them by analyzing and identifying the patterns or trends in the studies. These needs to be performed by scholars in an effective manner because by evaluating the findings of the study this implication can be drawn by scholars that whether the selected articles for the study will assist researcher in terms of fulfilling their research objective or not. In addition to this, the analysis of evidence provides proper explanation regarding the results for the study. Here basically the result of those studies will be analyzed that seems to be conflicting. The analysis of evidence will also assist in the identification of the gaps in the literatures. For the present study on determining the effectiveness of regular exercise and diet control in maintaining normal body weight in adolescent children this gap has been analyzed. Here researcher has directed their efforts in terms of showcasing the implication of both identified measures on specific individuals such as adolescent (Stern and Kazaks, 2009). However, if research is to be done by them on the adult individual at that time some other result will be gained by the scholars. Generalization based on the majority of articles is considered as another basis of evidence. In this approach various theories are formed which enable researcher to analyze that whether the study that have been selected will be similar to one another or not.

Critical appraisal

In order to carry out the work of research in an effective manner it is being considered as an important activity for the scholars that is to critically appraise and analyze the selected literatures for their study. The aspect relating to the critical appraisal consists of certain questions (Davis, 2005). However, if answer to that question will be carried out then it will assist various clinical practices process. In this respect, it can be said that critical appraisal of the literature will be proved as one of the most beneficial affair for the scholars. This is because by complying with this most high quality and relevant study for the topic can be identified and it’s appropriate application can be done in the clinical practices. In addition to this, by using internal and external validity critical appraisal of the literature on determining the effectiveness of regular exercise and diet control in maintaining normal body weight in adolescent children will be done. In addition to this, the appraisal will also help researcher in terms of identifying that specific area of the study that require improvement. It is through this way only improvement in the body of knowledge can be carried out by the scholars in an effective manner (Healey, 2014). Besides this, by selecting an appropriate sample for the study along with using more tools and techniques of the research improvement in the process can be carried out. The tool like CASP will be used to critically assess the applicability, reliability and validity of the published research.

Results And Discussion

Once when selected literatures for the study are critically analyzed by the researcher in next phase scholars have to direct their efforts in terms of effectively presenting the results and discussion of the findings for the study in an effective manner. The results of the literature review will be analyzed by using the tool like thematic analysis. With the help of this tool the most common part of the study will be generalized and on the basis of it varied themes will be formed by the scholars (Monette and et.al., 2013). By preparing themes subject matter of the study can be analyzed in an effective manner. In addition to this, the statistical tool like bar chart and graphs will be used to present the result of the study in an effective manner.

With the help of skimming technique key evidence in literatures can be identified. In addition to this technique, scanning of collected data will be done that assist in determining best key evidence in clinical practices. It can also be performed by researcher by forming connection between research questions for the present study with that of selected articles for the research. However, this can be performed by them by reading the abstract part of the study as with the help of it overview with respect to the whole research work can be gained by the researchers in an effective manner (Sobh and Perry, 2006). Further with this, by using this approach it become easier for the researcher that is to form the connection between their studies with that of other. Result section of the study will also help in identifying that what other studies have been done. This can be identified by the researcher by reading the conclusion part of the study.

The results for the study will be useful in the area of nursing and healthcare. It is because by using this study effectiveness of the measures like diet control and regular exercise in maintaining the normal body weight of adolescent children can be measured and evaluated by the health care professionals (Williams and Fruhbeck, 2009). In addition to this, with the help of this study various other measures of reducing the weight of adolescent children can be identified by the health and social care professionals. Overall, it can be said that the result section of the study will provide detailed information regarding the ways of reducing the overweight type of condition in adolescent children in an effective manner.

Recommendation

The recommendation for the topic of determining that whether regular exercise and diet control is more effective in maintaining the weight of adolescent children will be presented by the researcher by identifying the appropriate gap in the study. Here basically, recommendations will be given by suggesting various other ways other than regular exercise and diet control in maintaining the weight of adolescent children (Nadin and Cassell, 2006). In addition to this, the recommendation with respect to the conducting further and more accurate research on the topic will be given to the researcher. Various measures of removing the limitation of the study will also be assessed and recommended in this particular section of the study.

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Conclusion

Articulating all the facts from the outline of the present proposal on determining that whether regular exercise and diet control is more effective in maintaining the weight of adolescent children it can be concluded that. The main points of the whole research are discussed in the background of the study which revels the ways through which appropriate research questions for the study will be framed. In addition to this, methodology section of the study is also considered as another most important area of the research as by using this section ways of conducting the thorough research on the topic can be identified. This also includes results and conclusion section of the study.

The outline prepared for the study is of great help because this has helped researcher in terms of improving their understanding and knowledge regarding the use of measure like regular exercise and diet control in maintaining the weight of adolescent children. In addition to this, with the help of this outline effectiveness of the implication of other measures for reducing the weight of adolescent children can also be identified by the scholars. Overall, it can be said that this outline will provide great help in terms of writing the dissertation for their study.

References

  • Bernard, H. R., 2011. Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Rowman Altamira.
  • Davis, H., 2005. Building Research Tools with Google For Dummies. John Wiley & Sons.
  • Dixon, J. M., Hinde, S. J. and Banwell, C. L., 2006. Obesity, convenience and “phood”. British Food Journal.
  • Flynn, M.A., and et.al., 2006. Reducing obesity and related chronic disease risk in children and youth: a synthesis of evidence with 'best practice' recommendations. Obes Rev.
  • Glynn, L., 2006. A critical appraisal tool for library and information research. Library Hi Tech.
  • Gordon, R. and Marian, P., 2006. A Gentle Guide To Research Methods. McGraw-Hill International.
  • Gratton, C. and Jones, I., 2010. Research Methods for Sports Studies. Taylor & Francis.
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